New Antimicrobial Resistance Accelerator Programme part of latest IMI Calls for proposals

A new Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) Accelerator Programme is part of new Calls for proposals launched today by the Innovative Medicines Initiative (IMI). Of the other topics launched in the Calls, many address brain disorders (e.g. Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, major depression) and immune-mediated diseases (e.g. rheumatoid arthritis and lupus as well as inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn’s and colitis, and skin diseases

Antimicrobial potency of differently coated 10 and 50 nm silver nanoparticles against clinically relevant bacteria Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus

Silver nanoparticles (nanoAg) are effective antimicrobials and promising alternatives to traditional antibiotics. This study aimed at evaluating potency of different nanoAg against healthcare infections associated bacteria: Gram-negative Escherichia coli and Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus. A library of differently coated nanoAg of two different sizes (10 and 50 nm) were prepared using coating agents poly-L-Lysine (PLL), cetyltrimethyl-ammonium bromide (CTAB), citrate (CIT), polyvinyl-pyrrolidone (PVP), polysorbate 80 (Tween 80), and

Rapid in situ assessment of Cu-ion mediated effects and antibacterial efficacy of copper surfaces

Release of metal ions from metal-based surfaces has been considered one of the main drivers of their antimicrobial activity. Here we describe a method that enables parallel assessment of metal ion release from solid metallic surfaces and antimicrobial efficacy of these surfaces in a short time period. The protocol involves placement of a small volume of bioluminescent bacteria onto the tested surface and direct measurement

Surface modifications for antimicrobial effects in the healthcare setting: a critical overview

Summary The spread of infections in healthcare environments is a persistent and growing problem in most countries, aggravated by the development of microbial resistance to antibiotics and disinfectants. In addition to indwelling medical devices (e.g. implants, catheters), such infections may also result from adhesion of microbes either to external solid–water interfaces such as shower caps, taps, drains, etc., or to external solid–gas interfaces such as

Comparative performance of a panel of commercially available antimicrobial nanocoatings in Europe

Background Bacterial resistance against the classic antibiotics is posing an increasing challenge for the prevention and treatment of infections in health care environments. The introduction of antimicrobial nanocoatings with active ingredients provides alternative measures for active killing of microorganisms, through a preventive hygiene approach. Purpose The purpose of this study was to investigate the antimicrobial activity of a panel of antimicrobial coatings available on the

Mechanism of copper surface toxicity in Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella involves immediate membrane depolarisation followed by slower rate of DNA destruction which differs from that observed for Gram-positive bacteria

We have reported previously that copper I and II ionic species, and superoxide but not Fenton reaction generated hydroxyl radicals, are important in the killing mechanism of pathogenic enterococci on copper surfaces. In this new work we determined if the mechanism was the same in non-pathogenic ancestral (K12) and laboratory (DH5α) strains, and a pathogenic strain (O157), of Escherichia coli. The pathogenic strain exhibited prolonged

Minimum information about a biofilm experiment (MIABiE): standards for reporting experiments and data on sessile microbial communities living at interfaces

The minimum information about a biofilm experiment (MIABiE) initiative has arisen from the need to find an adequate and scientifically sound way to control the quality of the documentation accompanying the public deposition of biofilm-related data, particularly those obtained using high-throughput devices and techniques. Thereby, the MIABiE consortium has initiated the identification and organization of a set of modules containing the minimum information that needs

N-halamine copolymers for biocidal coatings

A vinyl N-halamine acrylamide monomer was copolymerized with silane-, epoxide-, and hydroxyl group-containing monomers. The resultant copolymers were coated onto cotton fabric through hydrolysis of alkoxy groups with formation of silyl ether bonding, opening of the epoxide ring and subsequent reaction with hydroxyl groups on cellulose, and by crosslinking between the hydroxyl groups on the copolymer and on cellulose, respectively. The coatings were rendered biocidal

A new way to find dielectric properties of liquid sample using the quartz crystal resonator (QCR)

The main objective of this article is to demonstrate by performing experimental measurements how the equivalent capacitance C0 changes when a fluid sample such as water is in contact with the crystal and to relate this change with the relative permittivity of the fluid. These measurements were compared with simulations of traditional models like Butterworth–Van Dyke (BVD). To obtain the change of C0 when the

Thermal and rheological characterization of antibacterial nanocomposites: Poly(amide) 6 and low-density poly(ethylene) filled with zinc oxide.

In this study, the filler–matrix interactions are assessed in two nanocomposites having different antibacterial activity. The two polymers used as matrix are poly(amide) 6 (PA6) and low-density poly(ethylene) (LDPE). The filler, zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles, with a content as low as 1 w/w% in the polymers showed great antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. However, the bacterial slaying capability of composites was found